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Allied Navy

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Restrictions on battleships were broken first by the Soviets, and the treaties were null. The United States was the first to take advantage of it, planning and laying down an entire class of fast battleships that were a symbol of American might (and excess).
 
Restrictions on battleships were broken first by the Soviets, and the treaties were null. The United States was the first to take advantage of it, planning and laying down an entire class of fast battleships that were a symbol of American might (and excess).
   
With an impressive armament, thick armour, and considerable speed, the American ''Pennsylvania''-class battleships proved worthy contenders to the Soviet ''Dreadnought''-class. Their primary armament of three main gun turrets mounting three 16 inch guns each were capable of delivering punishing shore bombardment or sinking a comparable battleship. Smaller dual purpose guns could engage other ships at shorter ranges, while 40mm and 20mm AA guns defended against aerial threats joined by the dual purpose weapons. Indeed, the ''Pennsylvania''-class surpassed British ''Jutland'' cruisers in firepower and durability, serving with devastating effectiveness throughout the war, and while not possessing as many guns as the ''Dreadnoughts'', had larger guns. However, their high cost meant that the only country that could afford them was an industrial giant unmarred by war.
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With an impressive armament, thick armour, and considerable speed, the American ''Pennsylvania''-class battleships proved worthy contenders to the Soviet ''Dreadnought''-class. Their primary armament of three main gun turrets mounting three 18 inch guns each were capable of delivering punishing shore bombardment or sinking a comparable battleship. Smaller dual purpose guns could engage other ships at shorter ranges, while 40mm and 20mm AA guns defended against aerial threats joined by the dual purpose weapons. Indeed, the ''Pennsylvania''-class surpassed British ''Jutland'' cruisers in firepower and durability, serving with devastating effectiveness throughout the war, and while not possessing as many guns as the ''Dreadnoughts'', had larger guns. However, their high cost meant that the only country that could afford them was an industrial giant unmarred by war.
   
 
Following the war, the ''Pennsylvania''-class remained in service with the Allies, and underwent a major refit in the early 1960s. The battleships were refitted to allow them to carry and launch the new BGM-33 "Hatchet" cruise missiles, increasing their bombardment capability, and Icarus CIWS turrets and anti-ship rocket launchers were also mounted, replacing the old AA guns and several of the smaller guns. Additionally, the ''Pennsylvania''-class also received upgrades in electronics, with the fitting of radar systems to enhance their effectiveness.
 
Following the war, the ''Pennsylvania''-class remained in service with the Allies, and underwent a major refit in the early 1960s. The battleships were refitted to allow them to carry and launch the new BGM-33 "Hatchet" cruise missiles, increasing their bombardment capability, and Icarus CIWS turrets and anti-ship rocket launchers were also mounted, replacing the old AA guns and several of the smaller guns. Additionally, the ''Pennsylvania''-class also received upgrades in electronics, with the fitting of radar systems to enhance their effectiveness.
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